Wood furniture is a timeless classic, bringing warmth, comfort, and elegance to any room. But, if you own or plan to purchase fine furniture, you should be aware of the effects of winter and summer months on wood. As the temperature drops, the air becomes drier, which can cause your wood furniture to crack and split. In this post, we'll discuss some tips to help you care for your wood furniture.
- Humidity and Wood Furniture
Wood is a hygroscopic material, which means that it absorbs and releases moisture depending on the relative humidity of the surrounding air. In the summer months, humidity is high, and air conditioners and dehumidifiers can help with high humidity levels. It's imperative to store your fine furniture in a temperature of 18-25°C and a relative humidity of 55%.
During the winter months, humidity becomes low, and wood-burning stoves can cause your home to have very low relative humidity. The moisture will leave the wood, causing it to shrink and crack as the wood adjusts to its new environment.
In the summertime, the air is usually more humid, which can also impact your wood furniture. High humidity can cause the wood to expand and may lead to warping or cracking. To prevent this, it is important to maintain a consistent temperature and humidity level in your home. Air conditioning units and dehumidifiers can help regulate the humidity levels and prevent damage to your furniture.
- Effects of Temperature on Wood Furniture
Extreme temperatures can damage your wood furniture. Freezing temperatures can cause the wood to crack and warp, while high temperatures can cause the wood to dry out and split. Therefore, it's essential to keep your furniture away from direct sunlight and heat sources, such as radiators and fireplaces.
Extreme temperatures can also impact your wood furniture. Exposing your furniture to extreme heat or cold can cause the wood to expand or contract, which may lead to cracking or warping. To prevent this, it is important to maintain a consistent temperature in your home. Avoid placing your furniture near heating vents, fireplaces, or air conditioning units as the temperature changes can cause damage. In addition, it is important to avoid placing your furniture in areas that are exposed to extreme cold or heat, such as near windows or doors.
- Preventive Measures
To prevent damage to your wood furniture during the winter months, consider investing in a humidifier. A humidifier adds moisture to the air, helping to keep the relative humidity at an optimal level. You can also use a wood conditioner or polish to help keep your furniture moisturized.
- Fixing Cracks in Wood Furniture
If your furniture already has cracks, don't worry; you can fix them. Here's how:
- Clean the affected area with a soft cloth to remove any dust or debris.
- Apply a wood filler to the crack, making sure to fill it completely.
- Use a putty knife to smooth out the surface, and let the filler dry according to the manufacturer's instructions.
- Sand the area with fine-grit sandpaper until it's smooth.
- Apply a wood polish to the area to protect the wood and restore its shine.
- Enjoy Your Furniture
Remember, wood is a unique and natural product, and it's normal to see imperfections. Embrace them and enjoy your beautiful furniture. However, it's crucial to take care of your wood furniture to prevent any damage and extend its life.
- The Wood Database: Wood and Moisture
- Canadian Conservation Institute: Care and Handling of Wooden Objects
- Canadian Home Workshop: How to Repair Cracks in Wood Furniture
In conclusion, taking care of your wood furniture during the Canadian winter months requires some extra effort, but it's worth it to preserve its beauty and extend its life. By following the tips outlined in this post, you can ensure that your wood furniture stays in excellent condition for years to come. And, if you need any help or advice, don't hesitate to contact us. We're always here to assist you.